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Hunting In BC Free CORE Outdoor Education Review Flash Cards

Hunting In BC Free CORE Outdoor Education Review Flash Cards

Goal of Wildlife Conservation

Goal of Wildlife Conservation Click to Flip
Ensure the wise use and management of renewable resources without wasting them.

Birds of prey

Birds of prey Click to Flip
Feed on other birds and mammals. Eagles, falcons, owls

Wetland birds

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Close to water in marshy and coastal areas Cranes, snipes

Waterfowl

Warm blooded animals that live on or near water Click to Flip
Warm blooded animals that live on or near water

Upland birds

Turkey, pheasants, grouse, quail Similar to chickens Male are colorful, female are not Click to Flip
Turkey, pheasants, grouse, quail Similar to chickens Male are colourful, female are not

Furbearers

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Small mammals sought after because of their pelts

Mammal Characteristics

Warm-blooded Hair Milk from mother Can be carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous Regulate temperature Smaller live shorter lives than larger Some live in groups, others are solitary Click to Flip
Warm-blooded Hair Milk from mother Can be carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous Regulate temperature Smaller live shorter lives than larger Some live in groups, others are solitary

Horned vs Antlered Animals

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Horns are hollow and not shed Antlers are solid bone and shed annually

Threatened and Endangered Species

Threatened and Endangered Species Click to Flip
Northern Fur Seal, Pacific Water Shrew, Townsend's Mole, American Badger

Categories of Wild Animals

Online CORE Hunter Education Course & Exam Challenge Study Guide Click to Flip
Large mammals Small mammals Upland birds Waterfowl and wetland birds Birds of prey

Beneficial habitat management practices

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Brush pile creation Controlled burning Diking Ditching Food plots and planting Mechanical brush or grass control Nuisance plant or animal control Timber cutting Water holdings

Succession

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Natural progression of flora and fauna populations in one area

Predator

Predator Click to Flip
Animals that will hunt and eat another for food

Death Rate

Death rate Click to Flip
Ratio of deaths to total population in one year.

Birth Rate

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Ratio number of young to female of a species in one year

Predator Control

Predator Control Click to Flip
Predators must be managed to enable some species to be stable

Hunting

Safely Carrying Firearms While Hunting Click to Flip
Help manage populations and keep animal populations in balance with habitat

Hunting Regulations

2018 - 2020 Hunting & Trapping Regulations Synopsis Now Available Click to Flip
Protect life, wildlife, property and sportsmanship Setting daily and seasonal time limits, bag limits, legal methods

Habitat Improvement

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Change in habitat affects the type and number of wildlife the habitat can support May cut down/burn forests to promote new growth/slow down succession Increases production of certain species.

Monitoring Wildlife Populations

Monitoring Wildlife Populations Click to Flip
Birth and death rate of various species Provides data needed to set hunting regulations

Hunter's Role in Wildlife Conservation

Free Canadian Firearms Safety Course Quiz Non-restricted Click to Flip
Spend time, money and effort on wildlife conservation Fill out questionnaires Surveys Hunter check stations Samples from harvested animals Fund wildlife management through license feesControl wildlife populations at a healthy balance for the habitat Provide information from the field that wildlife managers need Funding from licenses

Factors That Decrease Surplus of Game Animals

Factors that decrease surplus of game animals Click to Flip
Starvation Disease/parasites Accidents Weather Hunting Predators Other

Factors That Limit Potential Production of Wildlife

Bear BC Firearms Academy Click to Flip
Disease/parasites Starvation Predators Pollution Accidents Old age Hunting

Carrying Capacity

Carrying capacity Click to Flip
Number of animals the habitat can support all year long without causing damage

Habitat

Safely Carrying Firearms While Hunting Click to Flip
Complete environmental requirement of an animal for survival: food, water, cover, space, arrangement

Causes of Threatened and Endangered Species

Safely Carrying Firearms While Hunting Click to Flip
Urbanization Competition with Introduced Species Controlled Pests Naturally Rare Past Exploitation Pesticides Unknown Illegal KillingNo North American animal has become extinct because of sport hunting

Food and Water

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Necessity Competition for this makes cover, space and arrangement top priorities

Cover

Largest of the 3 native deer species. Antlers grow in forked pairs, white rump with black-tipped tail, and large ears. Not easily startled, may look back when running for cover. Run with high stiff-legged bounce. Click to Flip
Protects animals from predators and weather Feed, breed, roost, nest, travel Ranges from thick weeds and brush to a few rocks

Space

Dabbling Ducks of BC CORE Hunter Education Course Click to Flip
Necessity Adequate food among wildlife Territorial space for mating and nesting Freedom from stress-related diseases

Conservation

Conservation Click to Flip
Wise use of natural resources without wasting them

First-Aid Kit

CORE Hunter Education Wilderness First Aid Skills Quiz Click to Flip
2-inch-square sterile gauze pads 2-inch-wide gauze bandage roll 4-inch-square sterile gauze pads 42-inch-square cloth for triangular bandage or sling Antacid Antibiotic salve Aspirin Assorted adhesive dressings Assorted butterfly dressings Cell phone Cotton swabs Decongestant Eye dropper Hand sanitizer Instant chemical cold packs Instant chemical hot packs Latex gloves Moleskin Needles One-half percent hydrocortisone cream Petroleum jelly Roll of 1-inch adhesive tape Roll of 2-inch adhesive tape Safety pins Scissors Single-edged razor blades Sterile eyewash Thermometer Tweezers

Snakebite

Snakebite Click to Flip
Do not remove poison Calm Keep wound below heart level Hospital

Treating Shock

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Cause: Any injury Symptoms: Pale cold clammy skin, rapid pulse, shallow breathing, fear Treatment: Keep lying on back, raise feet 8-10 inches If trouble breathing: raise head and shoulders 10inches instead of feet Maintain normal body temperature, loosen restrictive clothing Calm and comfortable, medical attention

Treating a Chest Wound

Cause: Bullet/arrow Treatment: Use hand to cover wound until bandage found Cover wound with gauze, cloth, plastic or foil Wound cover forms air-tight seal Hold in with tape/bandage If trouble breathing: remove bandage and replace quickly Transport to hospital

Treating Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Treating Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Click to Flip
Causes: Improperly working stoves and lanterns, wood and charcoal fires Symptoms: headache, dizzy, weak, difficult breathing, skin red, unconsciousness Treatment: Fresh air ASAP, lie down quietly, medical care essential

Treating Burns

Treating Burns Click to Flip
Immerse in cold water (not ice water) Don't use butter/greasy ointment Second/Third degree burns: wrapped in loose, dry dressing

Moving an Injured Person

Moving an Injured Person Click to Flip
If neck/back injury: leave to paramedics If must be moved: move lengthwise and headfirst, support head and neck, keep spine in alignment

Splinting a broken leg

Splinting a broken leg Click to Flip
Thick padding between legs Bind injured leg to uninjured one with strips of cloth Bind legs together above and below injured area

Broken Bones

Broken Bones Click to Flip
Pain lasts for more than a few minutes Moving injured area is difficult Swelling in injured area If transporting: immobilize the joint above and below, splint the way it is found Broken foot: do not remove shoe, tie pillow or thick padding around foot over shoe

To Stop Bleeding

To Stop Bleeding Click to Flip
Direct pressure Cover with sterile gauze pad Press with palm of hand If pad is soaked, put a fresh one directly over Raise above level of heart If needed, cut off circulation

Bleeding

Bleeding Click to Flip
Loss of two pints can result in shock and unconsciousness

Basic First Aid

An online study guide to help you stay safe in the bear country of BC Click to Flip
Take a course and CPR Carry first-aid kit

Symptoms of Heat Stroke

Symptoms of Heat Stroke Click to Flip
Dry, hot, and flushed skin—dark or purple in color Dilated pupils Rapid, weak pulse Shallow breathing High temperature—may be in excess of 106° Fahrenheit

Treatment of Heat Stroke

Treatment of Heat Stroke Click to Flip
Wrap in a sheet and soak with cool—not cold—water. Fan, but don't over-chill. Get to a hospital immediately.

Cold Survival Without Fire

Treatment of Hypothermia Click to Flip
Proper type of clothing (no cotton) Stay dry Build a shelter, nylon tarp, insulated Avoid contact with cold surfaces Wrap body in thermal foil blanket Limit physical activity

Treatment of Frostbite

Treatment of Frostbite Click to Flip
Warm the affected area with body heat, but avoid rubbing the area—it can damage tissue. Don't use hot water or other external heat sources, which could cause burns. Wrap with warm, dry clothing. Move to a warm shelter. Drink hot liquids. Get medical attention.

Symptoms of Hypothermia

Symptoms of Hypothermia Click to Flip
Uncontrolled shivering—usually the first obvious symptom, but ceases as hypothermia progresses Slow, slurred speech Memory loss Irrational behavior, such as removing clothing Lack of body movement Sleepiness Unconsciousness, which could lead to death

Signaling for Help

Signaling for Help Click to Flip
Three shots Three blasts on a whistle Three mirror flashes Three fires evenly spaced Make an X as large as possible No signal fires until you hear aircraft Use green boughs to create smoke

Starting a Fire

Starting a Fire Click to Flip
Snow - platform on logs or rocks Dry - clear a patch of dirt Small twigs to fuel logs Pile twigs, grass as base Place larger sticks on a pile 10in high No breeze - light kindling in middle of base Breeze - light one end so that the flame is blown to everything else

Lean-to

Lean-to Click to Flip
Constructed by leaning branches against a horizontal support to form a frame for a roof Opening away from the wind Cover with branches and twigs Sleeping area between wall and fire

Preparing a Shelter

Natural shelter Dry and well drained Protects from wind Near water and firewood Build a lean-to

STOP

STOP Click to Flip
Stop When you have a problem Admit you are in troubleThink What you need to do to surviveObserve Area Look for shelter, fuel, etcPlan How you will use your survival kit and other available resources Don't wait until dark

Survival Rules

Survival RulesSurvival Rules Click to Flip
Give someone your hunting plan. Don't travel or hunt alone. Take enough food and water to last for several days in an emergency. Bring a map and compass, and always orient yourself before leaving camp. Wear layered clothing and take extra clothing Plan your outings so that you can return to camp before dark. Never leave camp without taking fire-starting equipment and a foil blanket. Don't panic

Reading a Topographic Map

Reading a Topographic Map Click to Flip
Aerial photos Contours of land, hills, ridges, valleys, lakes, rivers, creeks, trails, roadsContour lines show elevation of ground Contour intervals reveal vertical distance between each line (closely spaced = steep) Contour lines that are sharply tapered mean uphill Rounded means downhill

Day Pack

Day Pack Click to Flip
Emergency suppliesBase plate compass with signal mirror Candle Emergency high-energy food Extra boot laces Extra pair of glasses Extra two-day supply of prescription medicine Fire starters—waterproof matches, butane lighter, etc. First-aid kit Fishing line and hooks Flashlight with spare batteries and bulbs Folding saw Knives Map Metal, waterproof carrying case that can double as a cooking pot Nylon rope One-sided razor blade Plastic sheet or large garbage bag Poncho Signal flares Small can of lighter fluid Snare wire or twine Thermal foil blanket Tissues Water purification tablets Water Whistle (plastic) Binoculars or spotting scope Biodegradable trail markers Duct tape Hatchet or ax Pencil and paper pad Shovel Sleeping bag appropriate for climate

Clothing

Clothing Click to Flip
Wear clothing based on the weather Orange hat and orange outerwear Hat with earflaps Gloves Footwear Two layers of socks - polypropylene and wool

Physical Conditions

Physical Conditions Click to Flip
Allergies Asthma Heart condition Excess weight Poor physical conditioning Mental condition

Hunting Plan

Hunting Plan Click to Flip
Tells where and with whom you intend to hunt When to expect your return Specific direction on your route to your destination and any alternate destinations you have if bad weather changes the plans

Tell Others

Safely Carrying Firearms While Hunting Click to Flip
Tell where and whom you are hunting with When you are going to return Directions of route to destination Leave plan with a family member or friend Groups should know the route

Be Ready

Youth-Hunting-Licenses. Click to Flip
Plan carefully Anticipate potential problems and make plans to deal with them Terrain Location Weather Dangerous game Potential of fire

Five Stages of Hunter Development

Five Stages of Hunter Development Click to Flip
Five Stages of Hunter Development Shooting Stage Getting off a shot instead of a good one Needs target practice Bagging the limit Can cause unsafe shots Spend time with more mature hunters Limiting-Out StageSelective Quality over quantity Big game Trophy Stage Process of hunting becomes the focus How it's done Method Stage Appreciation of outdoors and animal being hunted, process, and companionship Sportsman Stage

Respect Landowners

Legal Firearms Discharge Areas in Lower Mainland of BC Click to Flip
Permission to hunt Follow restrictions Treat livestock and crops as your own Offer to share part of harvest with owner Leave all gates the way you found them Something wrong or out of place, notify landowner Never enter private land that is cultivated or posted unless you have permission

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