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Free Hunter Education Study Guide & CORE Exam Quiz

Free Hunter Education Study Guide & CORE Exam Quiz

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Hitting the spot where you are aiming when hunting is important for _______.

Hunters Ed Study Guide CORE Quiz
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Heart-Lung. An ample target provides some forgiveness, meaning you don't have to be pinpoint accurate to kill a deer. This shot creates massive hemorrhaging, so the blood trail is typically easy to find and follow.

An ethical hunter not only tries to bring home the wild game he or she is seeking but also tries to _______ the animal.

shot_placement_lead_CORE_BC_firearms
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Ethical hunters are familiar with the places they hunt, the wildlife that live there and the way they should behave when hunting. Practising ethical hunting techniques in the field will ensure that you get the most out of your hunting experience and will assist to secure the future of your recreational activity.

You should always plan your hunt and _______.

hunting_plan CORE Hunter Education
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Hunting Trip Plan. Whether hunting alone, or with others, it is a good idea to leave a hunting trip plan. A hunting trip plan left with a family member or friend can provide valuable information to emergency personnel in case a hunter does not arrive during the time specified.

Understanding where the vital organs are located inside the animal you are hunting will help you _______.

deer-anatomy CORE BC Firearms Academy
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Every effort must be made to obtain the shot opportunity that presents the highest probability for a quick kill.

The reason for hunting laws and regulations is _______.

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Hunting regulations help to protect life, wildlife and property.

When approaching a downed deer or other large animal after your shot, you should _______.

BC Firearms Acadmey approaching animal
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Approaching Downed Game: Large animals should be approached carefully from above and behind head. • If the animal appears dead, wait a short distance away for a few minutes. Watch for the rise and fall of the chest cavity. Notice if the eyes are closed—the eyes of dead animal are usually open. You can be certain that the animal is dead if the eye doesn’t blink when touched with a stick. • If the animal is still alive, kill it with a quick shot to the base of ear. If you wish to mount the head, place your shot in the heart-lung area. For bowhunters, the only option is placing the arrow in the heart-lung area. • Once animal is dead, immediately tag it, indicating the date of the kill, and then begin field dressing.

_______ does NOT cause meat to spoil.

snow CORE Free Hunter Safety
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Field Care Basics: The way you handle game after harvesting can have a significant impact on the meat quality. • The growth of bacteria spoils meat. Three factors contribute to bacteria growth. - Heat is the greatest concern. Bacteria grow rapidly in the carcass, especially if it’s allowed to stay warm. Meat begins to spoil above 40° Fahrenheit. - Moisture encourages the growth of bacteria. - Dirt can introduce bacteria.

Before climbing into or out of an elevated blind you should always _______.

unload a rifle for hunting CORE
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Never carry hunting equipment up or down the tree with you as you climb—always use a haul line. • Before attaching haul line to hunting equipment: - If using a firearm, unload it and open action. - If using a bow, put arrows in covered quiver and secure quiver to bow. • Use haul line of heavy cord attached to stand to bring up hunting equipment or to lower it prior to climbing down from stand. - If using a firearm, attach haul line to the firearm’s sling so that the firearm hangs with the muzzle pointed down

A common cause of a hunting incident is _______.

Hunting CORE firearms safety
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Hunting Incidents: From the law enforcement perspective, a hunting incident occurs when hunter directly or indirectly causes personal injury or death while using a firearm or bow. This is any unplanned, uncontrolled action that occurs while you use sporting arms. Can include near misses. Being responsible in order to prevent hunting incidents is your first priority. Four Main Causes of Hunting Incidents • Hunter judgment mistakes such as mistaking another person for game or not checking the foreground or background before firing. • Safety rule violations include pointing a muzzle in an unsafe direction, and ignoring proper procedures for crossing a fence, obstacle, or difficult terrain. • Lack of control and practice can lead to accidental discharges and stray shots. • Mechanical failure, such as an obstructed barrel or improper ammunition.

The worst angle for a shot at the vital organs on a deer is from _______.

Free Big Game CORE Hunter Education Quiz BC Firearms Academy
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Choosing the Proper Shot Angle • Broadside is the preferred shot angle for larger game animals, for both firearm and bow hunters. - Firearm: The best target is the shoulder and chest area. A bullet of the correct weight and fired from a firearm adequate for game will break the shoulder bone and enter the lungs or heart. - Bow: The best shot for largest big game animals. Aim straight up from back side of the front leg, one third of the way up from the bottom of the chest. An arrow will penetrate the ribs but not the shoulder bone. • Quartering-Away is when the target is facing away from you, but at an angle. - Firearm: This position offers several aiming spots on all big game. The area just behind the shoulder is the best spot for penetrating vital organs. Focus on hitting the chest area above the opposite front leg. - Bow: Good opportunity for clean kill on certain big game and some smaller animals. Not a good shot for larger game because their massive stomachs and intestines block a clean shot to the lungs or heart. • Quartering-Toward is when animal is facing toward you but at an angle. - Firearm: Presents a clean shot to the vital organs. A shot can be taken if the gun is already trained on the animal. Aim at the front of the shoulder of the near front leg. - Bow: This angle offers a poor shot opportunity and should not be taken. • Head-On - Firearm: this angle can be effective if the firearm is adequate and already positioned for the shot. However, rarely results in clean kill and ruins a lot of meat. Aim at center of chest to hit vital organs. - Bow: this angle offers very poor shot selection and should not be taken. • Rear-End shot should not be taken by hunters using firearms or bows.

Which is NOT one of the three most important things you need for survival?

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Survival Mode • Most everyone gets turned around occasionally. How you respond in early stages often determines if disorientation is temporary or traumatic. Keep a cool head and you’ll usually get your bearings fairly quickly. • Think through recent events to see if you can retrace your path. If you decide you can’t return to your camp or car, commit to spending the night where you are. If you remain in one spot, it’s very likely that you will be found in few days. • You now have three priorities: shelter, fire and signal. • Remember STOP: Stop, Think, Observe, and Plan.

The most ethical way to transport a harvested deer is _______.

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Transporting Game • Keep dressed game cool and free of insects. If you’ve quartered the animal, pack the quarters in ice chests—don’t process deer beyond quartering until you reach your final destination. Be sure to keep proper “evidence of sex” if required by game laws. • Most hunters take their game to a commercial meat cooler, where typical white-tailed deer can be properly aged up to three or four days at 40° Fahrenheit.

If there is another animal behind the one you are hunting, the ethical thing to do is _______.

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Know Your Accuracy Limits: Ethical hunters know personal accuracy and limit shots accordingly. • An eight-inch paper plate is the standard target for establishing deer hunting accuracy. You should be able to hit a paper plate consistently at that distance and from the same shooting position used when hunting. • Before hunting, practice until you know you can hit the target at distances and from the shooting positions you expect to use in the field. When hunting, limit shots to the most accurate range.

When hunters are walking in a group, the most important thing for each hunter to do is _______.

Safely Carrying Firearms While Hunting
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The field carry that provides the best muzzle control is _______.

Safely Carrying Firearms While Hunting
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Use two-handed hold whenever possible, applying pressure from front to rear. Do not cross the thumb of the supporting hand behind slide of a semi-automatic.

If crossing a fence while hunting alone, you should _______.

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Crossing Obstacles • Always unload guns before crossing fences or other obstacles or before negotiating rough terrain. • Cross wire fences close to a fence post to prevent damage to the fence. • After unloading it, place the gun on the other side of the fence or obstacle to be crossed, with the muzzle pointed away from you and your crossing point. Then cross the fence and retrieve your gun. • Pull the gun toward you by the butt—never by the muzzle. • If two people are crossing, one person gives the other person both guns, crosses first, and then receives the unloaded guns from the other hunter.

A hunter's safe 'zone of fire' is _______.

Safe zones of fire hunting
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Zone-of-fire is the area in which a hunter can shoot safely. Before setting off in a group, hunters should agree on each person’s zone-of-fire. This is particularly true of groups hunting birds, rabbits, or other small game. • For safety purposes, it’s best to have no more than three hunters in a group. For new hunters, two is safer until they become familiar with maintaining a proper zone-of-fire. • Hunters should be spaced 25 to 40 yards apart and always in sight of one another. Each hunter has a zone-of-fire which spans about 45 degrees directly in front of each hunter. (Some states require an adult to be immediately beside a youth hunter. In this case, the adult should be a supervisor only—not a hunter.) • To visualize 45 degrees, focus on a distant, fixed object straight out in front of you. Stretch your arms straight out from your sides. Make a fist with thumbs held up. Gradually draw arms in toward the front until both thumbs are in focus without moving your eyes. This gives your outer boundaries. • If three hunters are walking side by side hunting pheasants, hunter in center will shoot at birds flushed in the middle which fly straight away. Other hunters will shoot at birds flying toward their end of line. • If a bird turns and flies back across line of hunters, best if all three hold their swings and do not fire. Same is true of rabbit scurrying back between hunters. • No hunter, especially when swinging on game, should allow his or her gun to point at a person. Better to pass up a shot than risk injuring someone or damaging property. • Every hunter should wear daylight fluorescent orange whether required by law or not

Carrying capacity is _______.

Carrying capacity
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Carrying Capacity • Resources in any habitat can support only a certain quantity of wildlife. As seasons change, food, water, or cover may be in short supply. Carrying capacity is the number of animals the habitat can support all year long. The carrying capacity of a certain tract of land can vary from year to year, changed by nature or humans. • Factors that limit potential production of wildlife include: disease and parasites; starvation; predators; pollution; accidents; old age; and hunting. • If the conditions are

The three questions you should ask yourself before taking any shot at an animal are: "Is it safe? Is it legal? Is it ethical?"

Firearms & CORE Hunter Courses - Buy a gun in Canada
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A responsible and ethical hunter would NOT _______.

CORE Hunter Education Course Ethics and Responsibilities Quiz
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Know Your Accuracy Limits: Ethical hunters know personal accuracy and limit shots accordingly. • An eight-inch paper plate is the standard target for establishing deer hunting accuracy. You should be able to hit a paper plate consistently at that distance and from the same shooting position used when hunting. • Before hunting, practice until you know you can hit the target at distances and from the shooting positions you expect to use in the field. When hunting, limit shots to the most accurate range.

Responsible hunters _______.

Online CORE Hunter Education Course & Exam Challenge Study Guide
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Hunters spend more time, money, and effort on wildlife conservation than any other group in society. In addition to participating in the harvest of surplus animals, hunters help sustain game populations by: - Filling out questionnaires - Participating in surveys - Stopping at hunter check stations - Providing samples from harvested animals - Funding wildlife management through license fees

_______ would NOT be a part of a Hunting Plan that you would leave with a family member or friend.

CORE Hunter Education Survival & Out Door Skills Quiz
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Prepare a hunting plan that tells where and with whom you are hunting and when you expect to return. Give specific directions on your route to your destination and any alternate destinations. Leave the plan with a family member or friend. Do not deviate from the hunting plan without notification. When you’re hunting with group, each person should discuss their route plan.

The safest and most important clothing choice for hunting is _______ clothing.

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Every hunter should wear daylight fluorescent orange whether required by law or not.

The international emergency signal for distress is _______.

Why should you make noise if you become lost?
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Signaling for Help • When you decide to stay put and wait for rescue, prepare help signals as soon as possible. • The international emergency distress signal is three of any of these: shots, blasts on a whistle, flashes with a mirror, or fires evenly spaced. If you’re near open space, walk an “X” in snow, grass or sand. Make it as large as possible, so seen easily from air. Placing branches, logs or rocks along “X” will make it more visible. Do not light signal fires until you hear an aircraft. Adding green boughs, preferably pine, to fire helps create smoke. • Once you have a shelter, fire, and your signal prepared, focus on water and food.

Hypothermia can be prevented by _______.

CORE Hunter Education Wilderness First Aid Skills Quiz
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Hypothermia: Occurs when the body loses heat faster than it can produce it, causing your core body temperature to fall. Hypothermia is often induced by cold, wet conditions, such as rain, snow, sleet, or immersion in water. Moisture from perspiration, humidity, and dew or rain on bushes and trees can also soak clothing, putting you at risk in cold weather. Wet or damp clothes will draw heat out of the body more rapidly than cold air. Wind lowers the body temperature as it evaporates moisture. Resting against cold surfaces also will draw heat from the body.

A treatment for heat exhaustion is _______.

Hunger is a serious factor in all survival situations
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The opposite of hypothermia: core body temperature increases, usually as result of hot and humid conditions, plus lack of water. • Prevention of Heat Exhaustion: - Drink plenty of water. - Take frequent breaks if hiking to or from hunting spot, especially when carrying a large load. - Dress in layers and shed layers as physical activity increases.

Landowners have the right to _______.

Further Firearms Discharge Restrictions Proposed For Chilliwack 
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A true, responsible sportsman is involved in efforts to make hunting a respected sport—teaching others, working with landowners, and cooperating with game wardens. It also includes joining conservation organizations, which will help to preserve habitat and promote wildlife management.

Habitat for wildlife must include _______.

An online study guide to help you stay safe in the bear country of BC
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Habitat management safeguards the essential elements to meet these needs: - Food and water are necessary to all wildlife. Competition for these elements among species makes cover, space, and arrangement top priorities. - Cover protects animals from predators and the weather while they feed, breed, roost, nest, and travel. Cover ranges from thick weeds and brush to a few rocks piled together. - Space is necessary for adequate food among wildlife, territorial space for mating and nesting, and freedom from stress-related diseases. - Arrangement of these elements ideally allows animals to meet these needs in a small area to minimize energy use while fulfilling their basic needs. - Edge effect refers to the consequence of placing two contrasting ecosystems adjacent to one another. Most animals locate where food and cover meet, particularly near water. An example would be a river bottom, which offers many animals all their habitat needs along one corridor

Free Hunter Education Study Guide & CORE Exam Quiz
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