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Canadian Firearms Safety Flashcards CFSC / CRFSC

Canadian Firearms Safety Flashcards CFSC / CRFSC

Who administers the Canadian Firearms Program (CFP)?

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The RCMP

What are the goals of the Canadian Firearms Program?

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The safe and responsible use of firearms

How does the CFP achieve its goals?

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Through licensing, education (e.g, this course), public education, and import/export controls.

What is the Canadian Firearms Information System and who manages and uses it?

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The CFIS is a national database managed by CFP providing information is available to law enforcement agencies to help them prevent andinvestigate firearms incidents and crime.

What are the CFSC objectives?

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To instruct how to safely handle, use, follow laws about, store, display and transport firearms.

What are the four ACTS?

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Assume every firearm is loaded Control the muzzle direction at all times. Trigger finger must be kept off the trigger and out of the triggerguard. See that the firearm is unloaded - PROVE it safe.

How do you PROVE a firearm is safe?

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Point the firearm in the safest availabledirection. Remove all ammunition. Observe the chamber(s). Verify the feeding path. Examine the bore for obstructions (visually orwith a rod).

What level(s) of government regulates firearms use?

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Federal, provincial and municipal

True or false? 1. You can go to jail for pointing an unloaded firearm at a person. 2. You can lose your license for pointing an unloaded firearm at a person. 3. You can be fined for pointing an unloaded firearm at a person. 4. You can go to jail for improperly storing a firearm.

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True (all of the listed)

People in the Middle Ages quickly learned to use _______ to launch balls orprojectiles from a cannon. They did this by igniting the _____behind the ball or projectile in a cannon.

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Black powder

One of the earliest carried firearms was the ______. It was invented in the early 1400's. The ______ made it possible for the user to aim and fire while holdingthe firearm with both hands, but rain or wind could put out the ______.

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matchlock; match/wick

Two improved firing systems were developed in the 1600s. These were the______and the ______. For centuries, _______ were the standard firearms .

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wheel lock; flintlock; flintlocks

The _________was developed in the early 1800s. It was a small metalcase (cap) containing material that would explode when struck.

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Percussion cap

In the mid-1800s, various _________ types were developed that made breechloading practical. Eventually, _____-_____ _______ similar to modern ones were created.

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cartridge; metal cased cartridges

Cartridges contain __________, _________ and _________ in one package.

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the bullet or shot, the main powder charge and theprimer

Cartridges had at least four advantages. Describe them.

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1. They were easily loaded into the breech. 2. The expanding case prevented gas leakage. 3. They were largely weatherproof. 4. They were more reliable.

Cartridges called ______ were developed for use in shotguns. These too containone or more ______, ________ and ________ in one container. In addition, _______ separates the powder from the projectiles.

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shells;projectiles, powder and primer; a wad

What is the role of the percussion cap in the firing sequence?

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Ignites the powder

What is the name of the similar mechanism used in both the flintlock and thewheel lock?

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flint and steel

Name and describe the types of black powder

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Fg Very coarse granules of powder. Used in larger bore muskets. FFg Finer granules than the Fg. Used in muzzleloading shotguns, bigborerifles and single-shot pistols of .45 calibre and up. FFFg Finer granules than the FFg and the most common type. Used innearly all cap and ball revolvers. FFFFg The finest granules, also called priming powder. Used only in thepriming pans of flintlocks. Never use this type of powder aspowder charge.

With flintlock muzzleloaders, the igniting spark is the result of the ______, held by the_____, hitting the _______.

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flint; cock; frizzen

On __________ ___________, the flash is produced by the hammer striking a percussion cap

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percussion muzzleloaders

Blackpowder is classified as _________ and is easily ignited by ______, _______,__________ or __________ and must be handled with extreme care.

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an explosive; heat; friction; staticelectricity; a sharp blow

To ensure that a muzzleloader is not primed to fire, do the following:

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1. Point the muzzle in the safest available direction and keep finger off the trigger and out of the trigger guard. 2. Check that the hammer is not in full-cock position. 3. Check for a percussion cap or see if the priming pan is primed. 4. If the firearm is primed, remove cap or priming powder.

Experienced shooters mark the firearm's _________ at a level that shows the ________ ________ when the bore is _____________.

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ramrod; bored depth when the bore is empty.

What type of powder is safe to use in muzzleloaders?

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black powder or black-powder substitutes

Is it safe to pour powder into a muzzleloader directly from a powder horn?

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No. Use the powder measure.

What is the wait time for a “hangfire” ?

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60 seconds

List two items of personal protective gear that must be worn when firing a firearm.

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Eye and ear protection

Modern non-restricted firearms consist of ______ major parts: ___________________________

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3; the barrel, the action and the stock

Often, manufacturers identify cartridge information that is required for that firearm __________— this is called the ___________.

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the barrel; data stamp

The opening at the end of the _________ from which the bullet or shot emerges iscalled the _________.

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barrel; muzzle

Describe the three functions of the action.

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• Chamber the cartridge • Fire the ammunition • Ejects the unfired cartridges and fired cartridge/shell casings

Triggers, safeties and magazines are all parts of the _______________.

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action

The _________ releases the hammer or firing pin that fires the cartridge.

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trigger

The_________________ is a rigid loop around the trigger made to protect it and prevent anything from unintentionally touching the trigger.

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trigger guard

____________usually block some part of the action to prevent firing.

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safeties

True or false? All firearms have safeties manual.

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false

The ____________ is a device that holds cartridges in repeating firearms

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magazine

The ________ is the handle of the firearm. Most are made of wood or a synthetic material.

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stock

Describe the firing sequence

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1. A squeeze on the trigger releases the firing mechanism. This results in the firingpin striking the primer of the cartridge.2. When struck by the firing pin, the primer explodes. This projects a flame into thecartridge body.3. The flame from the primer ignites the powder. The powder burns and producesrapidly expanding gases.4. The high-pressure gas drives the bullet or shot forward down the barrel.

The two common types of non-restricted firearms (long guns) are as follows:

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rifles; shotguns

Name the three legal classifications of firearms.

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non-restricted; restricted; prohibited

Give the meanings of “safety on” and “safety off"

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firing is prevented; firing is enabled

Describe 6 recommended firearms safety practices in detail

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1.All your f&a your responsibility 24-7 2. store and transport f&a locked 3. know the laws about locking 4. keep f&a out of sight storing/transporting 5. keep away from unsupervised children 6. store unloaded, ammo separate from arms

How can you be sure of your target and beyond?

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• Positively identify your target. • Do not shoot when in doubt. • Check that you have a clear field of fire. • Check that the area behind your target is safe before shooting. • Never use a scope as a substitute for binoculars to identify persons, animalsor objects.

How can you be aware of where your bullet or shot may end up?

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•Never shoot if your bullet may hit a hard surface or water. • Never shoot at a target near a building. • Never shoot at a target on top of a hill. • Only shoot when you are sure no one is ahead of you.

Should you use a scope to glass the terrain, locate and identify your target?

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No

Can the safety mechanism on your firearm be relied upon?

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No

Is it safe to accept a loaded firearm from a friend?

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No

Is it best practice for three friends with different caliber rifles to transport their ammunition on the dash of a pickup truck? Why or why not?

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No. Firearms and ammo should be out of sight; You are responsible for YOUR f & a. F & A is safest under lock and key.

Rifled barrels have a series of _______ _______ inside the barrel. The ridges ofmetal between the _________ are called ________. The _______ and _______ togethermake up the ________.

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spiral grooves; grooves; lands; lands; grooves; rifling

Rifling makes the bullet ________ as it leaves the barrel so that it will be _________ inflight, thus making the bullet more __________.

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spin; stable; accurate

Rifled firearms are sized by ____________.

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calibre

A calibre is a measurement of _______________ in either _______________ or in ________________. (units of measure)

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bore diameter; thousands of an inch (Imperial); millimeters (Metric).

Always consult the _____________ to find out the exact name of the ammunition that it fits.

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data stamp on the barrel of your firearm

Two kinds ofcartridges commonly available are?

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rim-fire and centre-fire

Rim_fire and centre-fire describe these two things:

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1) where the primer is located at the base of the cartridge casing. 2) where the firing pin strikes.

Always make sure thecartridge name on the ____________ matches the information on the ____________

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“head stamp”; data stamp

What can you do if there is no data stamp?

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take the firearm to a qualified individual. They canmeasure the chamber and advise on proper ammunition.

Name the four basic components of a cartridge.

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Bullet, powder charge, case, primer

Describe a bullet.

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projectile, usually lead, lead alloy or dense material; may have copper, gilding metal or steel jacket -- soft point or full-metal;

Bullets for __________ often have a soft or hollow point.They are designed to _________________. This uses upmost of the energy on the target. _________ bullets are often made from lead alloy.

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hunting; expand on impact; Target

The __________ is a chemical compound inside the case. It is ignited to propel the bullet through the barrel.

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powder charge;

The ______ holds all the other ammunition parts. It is usually made of ________. It could also be made of ________, _______, ______ or ________ in the case of shotgun shells.

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case; brass;steel, copper, aluminum, or plastic

The ________works in much the same way as a cap in atoy pistol. It contains a chemical mixture that ___________when the firing pin strikes it. This ___________ignites the_______ _________.

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primer; explodes; explosion; powder charge.

What are the two basic types of modern cartridges?

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rim-fire and centre-fire.

The most popular rim-fire cartridge?

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.22 calibre or .17HMR

Rim-fire cartridge bullets generally are made of ________.

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lead

Which cartridge type is used for high power firearms?

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Centre fire.

The cartridge name, or an abbreviation of it, can be found where?

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stamped on the head of the case or printed on the ammunition manufacturer’s box

True of false: .303 Savage is interchangeable with .303 British

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false

The term "magnum" refers to a) the length of the cartridge b) the shape of the cartridge c) the size of the cartridge d) all of the above e) none of the above

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e) It was first applied to large bottleneck cartridges that produced greater power than was the normal standards for that calibre. Today, it is more a marketing term than a technical term but is an important part of the name.

To be sure that the cartridge matches the firearm, check ___________ or ___________.

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cartridge head stamp or ammunition box

True or false: All cartridges have a cartridge name head stamp

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false

The narrowing at the muzzle end of a shotgun is called:

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the choke

The choke of a shotgun barrel helps control the __________ of the shot after it is fired.

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spread

Name four types of choke on shotguns

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Full choke produces a tight pattern. Modified choke produces a more open pattern. Improved cylinder produces a more open pattern.• Cylinder bore produces the most open pattern (no choke)

Shotgun shells are centre-fire. True or false?

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true

Name the components of a shotgun shell

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shot, charge, wad, hull and primer

Many shotguns have these three properties stamped on the barrel.

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Gauge• Maximum shell/chamber length• Type of choke

Chamber dimensions are for a fired or unfired shell?

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Fired

Explain how a shotgun barrel can explode if you load the wrong gauged shell

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When loading andchambering a 20-gauge shotgun shell into a 12-gauge shotgun, the smallshell will slide through the chamber and stick in the forcing cone. Users maythen insert a 12-gauge shell behind the 20-gauge shell. When fired, the barrelmay burst.

___________ is the study of projectiles in flight.

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Ballistics

What does "trajectory" mean?

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the path a discharged shot or bullet takes during flight

Name four factors affecting trajectory

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gravity, air resistance, velocity, mass

Describe three ways a cartridge not fire.

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misfire; hangfire; primer pop

Name common types of safety mechanisms

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slide/tang,pivot/lever/rocker, wing, trigger block/lever, and cross-bolt or button safety

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