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What is not a firearm in Canada?

What is not a firearm in Canada?

What is not a firearm in Canada?

For the purposes of the Firearms Act and the Criminal Code, the following devices are generally not considered firearms (unless they’re used in a criminal or negligent manner):

  • antique firearms
  • devices designed exclusively for:
    • signalling
    • notifying of distress
    • firing blank cartridges
    • firing stud cartridges
    • explosive-driven rivets
    • other industrial projectiles
  • shooting devices designed exclusively for:
    • slaughtering domestic animals
    • tranquilizing animals
    • discharging projectiles with lines attached to them
  • air guns and other barreled weapons designed to have:
    • a muzzle velocity of 152.4 meters per second or less
    • a muzzle energy of 5.7 joules or less


Firearms in Canada fall into three different classes:


This class includes any rifle or shotgun that is neither restricted nor prohibited. Most common long guns are non-restricted, but there are exceptions.


What’s included in this class

  • Handguns that are not prohibited firearms
  • Firearms that:
    • are not prohibited firearms
    • have a barrel less than 470 mm in length
    • are capable of discharging centre-fire ammunition in a semi-automatic manner
  • Firearms designed or adapted to be fired when reduced to a length of less than 660 mm by folding, telescoping or otherwise
  • Firearms of any other kind prescribed to be restricted firearms in the Regulations

Permitted purposes for ownership

There are a few purposes for which you may be licensed to acquire or possess a restricted firearm:

  • target practice or target shooting competitions
  • as part of a collection
  • in limited circumstances, use in connection with one’s lawful profession or occupation, or to protect life

Target shooting practice and competition

To be authorized to have restricted firearms for target shooting purposes, you must provide proof that you practice or compete at an approved shooting club or range.

For more information about approved shooting clubs and ranges, contact the appropriate provincial or territorial Chief Firearms Officer by calling the Canadian Firearms Program (CFP) at 1-800-731-4000.

C.T. https://www.rcmp-grc.gc.ca/en/firearms/classes-firearms

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