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The Most Common Shotgun Chokes Taught in the PAL Course CFSC

The Most Common Shotgun Chokes Taught in the PAL Course CFSC

The Most Common Shotgun Chokes Taught in the PAL Course CFSC

 

The Most Common Shotgun Chokes Taught in the PAL Course CFSC are the Cylinder Bore, Improved Cylinder, Modified Choke and the Full Chock.

  • Cylinder Bore choke is an unconstricted barrel. The shot pattern spreads quickly.
  • Improved Cylinder choke has a slight constriction. It allows the shot pattern to spread fairly quickly.
  • The modified choke has a moderate constriction.
  • Full choke has a tight constriction.

Four Common Shotgun Chokes - Full choke, Modified choke, Improved cylinder and Cylinder bore

Cylinder works well on close skeet targets like at Station Eight or low–house birds at Stations One and Two. Cylinder’s rapidly expanding pattern also aids in hitting bouncing rabbits in sporting clays. As its name implies, Skeet is a popular choke choice with skeet shooters.

clay target bc firearms shotgun chock

You can shoot a rifled slug through a fixed full choke with no damage. The accuracy may not be as good compared to a less restricted choke and you could get increased barrel leading. Of course, you cant use sabot slugs because their accuracy is not good when fired from a smooth bore.

Bear slugs BC Firearms Academy

Can you shoot a shotgun without a choke?

If your shotgun has a screw in choke and you shoot it without a choke it may damage the threads. We always encourage shooters to never shoot without some type of choke in place.

shotgun chockes bc firearms academy

Which choke should I use for slugs?

Boxes of rifled slugs recommended a choke, usually an improved cylinder. Most people use Improved Cylinder when shooting rifled slugs.  A slug barrel is Cylinder Bore or Improved Cylinder, good for buck-shot or slug. A rifled slug can be used in most choked shotguns.

Saboted slugs are shotgun projectiles smaller than the bore of the shotgun and supported by a plastic sabot. The sabot is traditionally designed to engage the rifling in a rifled shotgun barrel and impart a ballistic spin onto the projectile. The sabot separates from the slug after it departs the muzzle. 

Sabot slugs in a rifled barrel are very accurate. Shooting sabot slugs through a smooth bore is a waste of money. They will “work” but accuracy suffers and there is no reason to spend the extra money for sabot slugs if you are going to shoot them through a smooth bore.
This is called “patterning your shotgun.” All shotgun hunters need to pattern their firearms to determine which brands of shells, shot sizes, and loads perform best and at what range. A shotgun may have a good pattern (high density of hits), but shoot off target.
Remember the distance to be used to pattern a shotgun; the accepted standard is 40 yards. However, some people would recommend 35 yards depending on you. If you are a beginner, it’s best to follow the standard.

shotgun-pattern-choke-bc-firearms-academy

The most commonly used choke tubes are these:

Super-Full/Extra-Full: Two choke types sometimes called “gobbler getters,” these are ideally suited for the headshots necessary when turkey hunting. They have extra-tight constrictions and the densest patterns.

Full: This choke has tight constriction and a dense pattern, delivering approximately 70 per cent of a shell’s total pellets in a 30-inch circle at 40 yards. It’s often used for trap shooting, waterfowl pass shooting, turkey hunting and buckshot loads.

Modified: This choke has less constriction than a full choke, delivering approximately 60 per cent of a shell’s total pellets in a 30-inch circle at 40 yards. It’s great for general waterfowl hunting and hunting distant-flushing upland birds and small-game animals such as late-season pheasants and rabbits. Also used for trap shooting.

Improved Cylinder: Even less constricted than modified, the improved cylinder distributes approximately 50 per cent of a shell’s total pellets in a 30-inch circle at 40 yards. This often is the choice of hunters shooting waterfowl close over decoys or pursuing close-quarters upland birds such as quail, grouse and pheasants. Rifled slugs usually perform well with this choke.

Cylinder: With no constriction, this choke distributes approximately 40 per cent of a shell’s total pellets in a 30-inch circle at 40 yards. It’s most often used by law enforcement for service shotguns.

Skeet: This choke distributes approximately 50 per cent of a shell’s total pellets in a 30-inch circle at 25 yards. It’s designed to deliver optimum patterns for close-range skeet shooting.

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A free online study guide to help you stay safe in the bear country of BC. This online guide will help you work, hunt, hike, and camp safely in the backcountry of BC.

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Free resources and study materials to help you prepare for your Canadian Firearms Safety Course. No need to print the manual or bring the manual to your course with BC Firearm Academy.

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CORE Course Challenge and Hunting Licence Exam Challenge. CORE Course Challenges and Hunting Licence Exam Challenge can be completed by individuals who have completed home or online study. BC Firearms Academy Strongly recommends completing our Online CORE course and reviewing our Free Online Firearms Safety Study Guide.

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BC Firearms Academy offers a wide verity of training options to meet your needs!

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CORE Hunter Education Course BC Fish & Wildlife ID FWID Abby Jan 13/14 This CORE Hunter Education Course is completed over 1 or 2 days from 9:30 am to 4 pm.

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