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Importing Firearms and Ammunition Legally Into Canada

Importing Firearms and Ammunition Legally Into Canada

Importing Firearms and Ammunition Legally Into Canada

Importing Firearms and Ammunition Legally Into Canada. The RCMP, CBSA and the US government all have regulations that govern how ammunition and firearms are to be imported. Although BC Firearms Academy cannot give legal advice or provide official guidance, we have compiled information for those seeking to import Firearms, Firearm parts and ammunition to consult.

Agencies and Regulatory Bodies Involved

Both Candian and US agencies have regulations and Laws that must be adhered to. This information does not constitute official information. Only the Candian and US government can provide accurate and up to date information.  Regulations and laws change and this blog was posted with information gathered in January 2019.

Canadian Agencies Involved

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA)

Global Affairs Canada

Agencies Involved

U.S. Customs and Border Protection

U.S. Department of State (DOS)

Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC)

Bureau of Industry and Security’s (BIS), Export Administration Regulations (EAR)

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF)

What to do from the Canadian Side

Import and Export a Firearm or Weapon into Canada

Canada’s firearms laws help make Canada safer for residents and visitors.

When you enter Canada, you must declare all firearms and weapons to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). If you do not, they may be seized and you could face criminal charges. You need documents to prove that you are entitled to possess a firearm in Canada, and you must transport it safely.

For more information about Canada’s firearms laws, a specific firearm, weapon, device and/or applicable fees, contact the Canadian Firearms Program at 1-800-731-4000.

You may also want to speak to the Chief Firearms Officer of the province you are planning to visit. For general assistance, please contact the Border Information Service (BIS).

Procedures for Individuals Importing Firearms

Declare all firearms to a border services officer when you arrive at the border, provide any documents required (as listed below), and answer all questions truthfully. The border services officer must be satisfied that you have a valid reason for bringing the firearm into Canada, and may check to ensure that you have stored your firearm properly for transportation. The border services officer will also review your documents and may verify that the firearm you have matches the one described on the documents.

If you have declared a firearm but cannot meet the import requirements, or you do not have the proper documents, the border services officer, at his or her discretion, may allow you to export the firearm from Canada. Alternatively, the border services officer may detain the firearm, issue you a receipt and allow you a reasonable amount of time to present the correct documents to the CBSA.

If you have not been truthful, or if the officer believes that you should not bring the firearm into Canada, the CBSA can detain it. If you did not declare the firearm, the CBSA will seize it, and you may face criminal charges.

If you need information about importing a specific firearm or weapon, contact the Canadian Firearms Program or the Border Information Service.

What to do from the US Side ( Full Text )

The U.S. Department of State (DOS), Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) regulates the permanent export of rifles, handguns and ammunition. To permanently export rifles, handguns and ammunition, you must obtain a license from the DDTC or qualify for a license exemption under 22 CFR 123.17or 123.18.

The export of shotguns and buckshot is controlled under the Bureau of Industry and Security’s (BIS), Export Administration Regulations (EAR). The exportation of firearms is controlled under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the EAR. Under these provisions, a traveller seeking to export firearms in checked baggage is expected to comply with the following:

  • The Electronic Export Information (EEI) export declaration must be submitted electronically through the AES at least eight (8) hours prior to the scheduled departure time for the export of rifles, handguns, or ammunition or two hours for shotguns. The exporter or their authorized agent must cite the license or license exemption as part of the EEI submission;
  • For permanent export of a firearm in a foreign-bound checked bag, an export license is required unless an exemption applies;

In addition, to export a handgun, rifle, parts or ammunition an Electronic Export Information (EEI) submission via an Automated Export System (AES) must be made. For more information about submitting the EEI information please visit the United States Census Bureau’s Overview DOS website.

Please be aware that just because it may be legal to export a weapon from the United States on either a permanent or temporary basis, you still must comply with the import restrictions of any country that you may be going to or through on your way to your final destination.

DSP-5 export license is required for the permanent export of firearms and ammunition unless an exemption applies. For a one-time exception request, send a letter to the address listed below:

Postal Mailing Address:

PM/DDTC, SA-1, 12th Floor

Directorate of Defense Trade Controls

Bureau of Political-Military Affairs

U.S. Department of State

Washington, DC 20522-0112

or

Express Mailing Address and Courier Delivery Service:

U.S. Department of State

PM/DDTC, SA‑1, 12th Floor

2401 E Street, NW

Washington, DC 20037

For more information about export license exceptions, restrictions on the export of a shotgun, shotgun parts and shotgun ammunition from the United States, please contact the BIS or call them at 202-482-4811.

For all general inquiries, contact the DDTC Response Team at 202-663-1282, FAX 202-663-8199, or email to PM-DDTC-RESPONSE-TEAM-DL@state.gov.

For further information and electronic application support, contact the D-Trade Help Desk at 202-663-2838 or email to dtradehelpdesk@state.gov.

Here is some other information you may find helpful:

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